What is Colour Correcting in Video Production?

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What is Colour Correcting in Video Production?

Technical colour grading takes place in the post-production stage of a movie. The colour, contrast, and exposure of video footage are altered using editing software so that they look natural and raw, precisely how the human eye perceives them in real life. The colourist makes sure that the finished movie appears exactly how the director and cinematographer wanted it to.

The colourist also fixes erroneous technical colour use. A film colourist can salvage a scene by adjusting the lighting so that it looks consistent with the rest of the film's footage, for instance, if an actor provides their finest performance in a sequence with poor lighting.

In order to make any additional visual effects (VFX) blend in as naturally as possible, colour correction is also employed to improve the video.

How to Colour Correct Video

It requires a good eye and a lot of time to colour videos. For a short tutorial on how to change the video colour, see the steps below:

1. First, choose an image profile.

Every camera has built-in picture profiles that let you change the video you're shooting. A picture profile is a collection of standards that establishes the fundamental qualities of your video (such as colour, saturation, and tone), giving your movie a unified image. When filming, some filmmakers opt to use a flat picture profile, which produces low-contrast, neutral footage that colonists may more easily enhance in post-production.

2. Alternate the white balance.

Another step in the process of basic colour correction is defining the white colour. White balance, which measures the temperature of your white light, aids in accurately presenting colours on your video camera. To create a baseline, it's crucial to determine the degree of your white since colour temperature and tint can have an impact on how all of your other colours seem.

3. Put your scopes to use.

Scopes are colour-monitoring tools that provide more colour details. For instance, the reds, greens, and blues in your image are evaluated using vector scopes in colour-correction software (RGB). Since this colour tool detects hue levels more precisely than the human eye, it is very helpful for colonists when attempting to colour balance natural skin tones.

4. Correct your tone.

It's important to balance the tones while taking high-quality pictures. The exposure—the quantity of available light the remainder of your image requires to appear right—can be improved by balancing the dark tones in your camera, such as black levels and shadows, highlights (the strongest light), and midtones (the mid-range between black and white).

5. Execute a second colour adjustment.

The initial colour adjustment will affect your whole image, but you should then perform a second edit that concentrates on particular regions. A secondary correction enables you to spot any abnormalities or colour casts that aren't natural and adjust minute elements that might have a significant impact on your image as a whole.

6. Utilize colour matching.

In post-production, you may apply pre-sets to your photographs by using lookup tables, or LUTs. Similar to a picture profile, a LUT enables editors to add a standardized colour scheme to video after it has been captured. By automatically altering colours to match those in your reference image, match colour tools can help you cut down on editing time.

7. Make any necessary final modifications.

After you've completed your video colour correction, you may modify your video picture and make any last colour modifications using additive colours. If you want to achieve a certain tone in your video, such as coldness or isolation, you may want to give your footage a bluer cast (according to colour theory). If you're working on a fantastical or mystery film, you might want to colour grade it with more purple tones.

Conclusion

Colour grading may be used to give your video a moody, theatrical feel after colour correcting it to make it appear more natural and genuine. Try several things until you get the desired result. The more you exercise, the more effortlessly you'll understand when to adjust.

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